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What is an empire?

5. Empires will be political systems with coercive power; commonly larger and more aggressive condition * They will gain electricity by overcoming other states, then use up their very own resources 2. Usually include multiple people and ethnicities under a single political program Eurasian kingdoms of the traditional era include:

* Persian, Greek, Roman, Chinese, and Indian Kingdoms

Why have empires always been so interesting?

* Size was impacting; blood and violence

* For the reason that empires had been important, that they stimulated exchange of concepts, cultures, and values; as well peace and security motivated development, commerce, and social mixing The Persian Disposition

* 500 n. c. at the., it was the biggest and most impressive empire (pop. 35 mil people) * Cyrus and Darius broadened empire coming from Egypt to India (absolute monarchy) * rule simply by will from the god Ahura Mazda (i. e. Zoroastrianism) * chaotic punishments simply by king, successful administrative system (postal system), satraps ruled the empire, respect for non-Persians, standardized coinage, estimated taxes, the production of ‘royal road' kept the empire together The Greeks

* classical Portugal emerged florida. 750 m. c. elizabeth. Hellenistic world (pop. two to three million people) * the geography of mountains, valleys encouraged development of hundred of city-states * shared common language and common gods

5. distinctive features include: equality of all residents before the law, citizenship, every able guys fight while hoplites, tyrants emerged to back up poorer course against the abundant * Tempas give capacity to Council of Elders

The Greco-Persian Battles

* Ionian Greeks revolted against Persia while using support of Athens battled from 490-480 b. c. e. Greece = The european countries, freedom

Persia = Asia, despotism

* fifty-year Golden Regarding Greek tradition after Local Wars Peloponnesian War (431–404 b. c. e. )

* Tempas led resistance to Athenian imperialism (Sparta wins) * Ancient greek states were exhausted, distrusted each other

Alexander as well as the Hellenistic Era

* Alexander's expedition against Persia (333–323 b. c. e. ), created a massive Greek empire that reached from Egypt and Anatolia to Afghanistan and India (defeated Persians) * Alexander died in 323 m. c. electronic.; empire broken into three kingdoms, ruled by Macedonian officers Comparing Empires: Roman and Chinese

* both flourished florida. 200 m. c. electronic. –200 c. e.

5. both acquired 50 million to 62 million persons

Ancient rome: From City-State to Disposition

2. started as small, unimportant city-state in central Italy in eighth century b. c. e. 5. overthrew monarchy and set up a republic ca. 509 b. c. e. 2. With armed forces leaders(Marius, Sulla, Pompey, Julius Caesar), The italian capital control over american Mediterranean with its army 5. dominance of wealthy patricians

* regulation by two consuls, with advice coming from Senate

* conflict with plebeians (poorer classes)

* progressed into political function for the plebeians

2. pride in republican values: rule of law, citizens' rights, not enough pretension, morality—" the way of the ancestors” * establishment of pax Romana (Roman peace)

China: By Warring Declares to Empire (restoration instead of creation) 2. age of warring states: seven competing kingdoms

* concentration by Shihuangdi, ruler of Qin (r. 221–210 m. c. e. ) 5. adopted Legalism as politics philosophy: clear rules and harsh punishments to impose state authority * Chinese emperor Wudi (r. 141–87 b. c. e. ) established an academy to coach officials based on works of Confucius The Collapse of Empires

2. excessive size, overextension, too costly for obtainable resources * no wonderful technological cutting-edge to expand resources * tax evasion by significant landowning families

2. tax burden fell seriously onto the poor

5. provoked Discolored Turban Rebellion, peasant rise ? mutiny in China in 184 c. electronic. * competition between high level factions made instability

* epidemic disease

* risk from nomadic or semi-agricultural...

05.09.2019

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